Saturday, May 21, 2011
Fry was the driving force in legislation to make the treatment of prisoners more humane, and she was supported in her efforts by a reigning monarch. Since 2002, she has been depicted on the Bank of England £5 note.
Birth and family background
Elizabeth Gurney was born in Gurney Court, off Magdalen Street, Norwich, Norfolk, England to a Quaker family. Her family home as a child was Earlham Hall, Norwich, which is now part of the University of East Anglia. Her father, Joseph Gurney, was a partner in Gurney's bank. Her mother, Catherine, was a part of the Barclay family, who were among the founders of Barclays Bank. Elizabeth's mother died when she was only twelve years old. As one of the oldest girls in the family, she was partly responsible for the care and training of the younger children, including her brother Joseph John Gurney.
Read about Elizabeth Gurney Fry and the English five-pound note, free from the BBC.